Tennis elbow is the most common cause of pain felt on the outside of the elbow. It is typically an overuse injury. Pain occurs after repeated activities that include gripping, lifting, pruning and tennis.
Tennis elbow involves a tendon that begins at the elbow and connects to muscles that control movement in the wrist. This tendon becomes swollen and painful after increased use. Pain can occur suddenly after an extra load of work, (like a big weekend of pruning), or more gradually after years of repeated activity.
Tennis elbow is common amongst people who perform heavy gripping, repetitive wrist movements or work with an outstretched arm. These include tennis players, golfers, musicians and manual workers.
The main symptom of tennis elbow is pain on the outside of the elbow. This pain is made worse by gripping, squeezing or lifting when the palm of the hand is facing down. Pain occurs especially with an outstretched arm. In chronic cases, the elbow may become stiff after periods of rest.
It is important to accurately assess and determine tennis elbow as the correct diagnosis. A typical assessment includes:
Treatment for tennis elbow usually involves:
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